The Commission on Narcotic Drugs was established by ECOSOC Resolution 9(1) of 1946 to advise the Council and prepare draft international Agreements on all matters relating to the control of narcotic drugs. The CND is the central policy making body within the United Nations System dealing with drug-related matters. The Commission has a normative segment, during which the Commission discharges its treaty-based and normative functions; and an operational segment, during which the Commission exercises its role as the governing body of the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP).


Number and the election of the members of the CND


The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is comprised of 53 UN member states that are elected by the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in order to ensure a geographical representation of seats – but all other countries are permitted to attend meetings as “observers”.
Traditionally, CND member state delegates have been overwhelmingly drawn from ministries of foreign affairs and criminal justice. This tends to reinforce the primacy of law enforcement perspectives on an issue that has much wider social, health and human rights implications.


Sessions of the CND


The CND meets in Vienna for one week every March, for a few days every December, and then for inter-sessional meetings as needed at other times. At the CND, member states discuss the global drug situation, and adopt resolutions on related issues. The CND is also the final decision maker on proposals by the World Health Organization to schedule, de-schedule or re-schedule a substance. The Commission also approves the budget and work plan of UNODC, upon whom it also relies for administrative and technical support



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