TOPIC

STRENGTHENING COOPERATION IN COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE

 Climate change presents a disturbance of the statistical distribution of weather patterns when that change lasts for an extended period of time.  It may refer to change in average weather conditions, or in time variation within the context of long-term average conditions. Among having other causes and factors, certain human activities have been identified as primary causes of ongoing climate change, often referred to as Global warming.

Over the years, the world has been facing enormous environmental changes, which have resulted in loss of households and lives. Forests keep burning, glaciers keep melting and the sea level keeps rising. Many governments have attempted to help, along with numerous organisations worldwide.

With the industry rising, along with the exploitation of natural resources, the environment simply cannot cope. People are experiencing the significant impacts of climate change, and it has significant impact on human lives and our civilization as a whole. The greenhouse gas emissions from human activities are driving climate change and continue to rise. They are now at their highest levels in history. Without action, the world’s average surface temperature is projected to rise in the next decades and is likely to surpass 3 degrees Celsius this century, with some areas of the world expected to show even greater growth of temperature. The poorest and most vulnerable populations are being affected the most.

To address climate change, countries unanimously voted for the adoption of the Paris Agreement at the COP21 in Paris on 12 December 2015, with a consensus to work on limiting global temperature rise to well below 2 degrees Celsius, and given the grave risks, striving for 1.5 degrees Celsius. The Agreement entered into force shortly thereafter, on 4 November 2016.

Affordable, scalable solutions are now available to enable countries to leapfrog to cleaner, more resilient economies. The pace of change is quickening as more people are turning to renewable energy and a range of other measures that will reduce emissions and increase adaptation efforts.

This is every kind of issue all at once: the financial cost of climate change makes it an economic issue, its effect on clean air and water quality make it a public health problem, its role in exacerbating global conflict and terrorism makes it a national security challenge and its disproportionate impacts on vulnerable communities and human kind in general make acting on climate change a moral obligation.
    

* What measures should be taken to assure that the issue of climate change is taken seriously and with great conscience?
 
* What kind of political action should be taken to assure cooperation on a global level to combat climate change?
 
* How can the people be included in contributing to the improvement of the environment’s current state?