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The promotion and protection of Human Rights in the context of peaceful protests
Human rights are a set of rights that are given to every human being regardless of his/her gender, caste, creed, religion, nation, location or economic status. Protected by law, these rights are applicable everywhere and at every time. Many of these rights are still violated by people for different reasons. Some of these rights are even violated by the state. The United Nations committees have been formed in order to ensure that every individual enjoys these basic rights. Governments of different countries and many non-government organizations have also been formed to monitor and protect these rights.
States have the primary responsibility for the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including in the context of peaceful protests, and to ensure that national legislation, policies and practices, as the national framework for the exercise of the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly, of expression and of association are in compliance with international human rights law.
When it comes to extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of persons exercising their rights to freedom of peaceful assembly, of expression and of association in all regions of the world, there must be something done to protect all those who are fighting for their rights. There is a huge number of attacks targeting human rights defenders and journalists in peaceful protests an also the criminalization, in all parts of the world, of individuals and groups for having organized or taken part in peaceful protests.For example, recent protests in Hong Kong have evolved into a movement for universal suffrage and police accountability. Universal Declaration of Human Rightsclearly states that as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.
Peaceful protests should not be viewed as a threat, and therefore all the states must do something in order to protect human rights defenders. States have the responsibility, including in the context of peaceful protests, to promote and protect human rights and to prevent human rights violations.
*What will be an outcome of all violent protests?
*How the United Nations Human Rights Council is going to prevent violent protests and make them peaceful?
*What are some examples of peaceful protests and where?