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THE UN OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME (UNODC)
The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is a United Nations office that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division. UNODC is mandated to assist Member States in their struggle against illicit drugs, crime and terrorism. UNODC encourages and supports evidence-based policies and interventions that are based on a public health, human rights and a development-orientedapproach to preventing drug use, treating drug use disorders, reducing the health and social burden it creates and providing licit-income generating activities. The Office promotes the integration of evidence-based drug prevention and treatment, HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, and alternative development and sustainable livelihoods into mainstream health, social welfare and development systems to ensure that prevention, treatment, care and rehabilitation programs as well as licit income generating activities are accessible to all who need them. Finally, it promotes access to controlled drugs for medical purposes, while preventing their diversion and abuse.
The World Drug Report is a United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime annual publication that analyzes market trends, compiling detailed statistics on drug markets. It is aimed at improving the understanding of the world drug problem and contributing towards fostering greater international cooperation for countering its impact on health, governance and security.Using data, it helps draw conclusions about drugs as an issue needing intervention by government agencies around the world.
Governing Bodies of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime are The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) and the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ).
The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) was established by Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 1946, to assist the ECOSOC in supervising the application of the international drug control treaties. It also advises the Council on all matters pertaining to the control of narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors.
The Commission holds annual sessions for the duration of one week in the first half of the year, as well as one-day reconvened sessions at the end of each year to consider administrative and budgetary matters. The Commission has a maximum number of eight working days for its session.In order to examine draft decisions, draft resolutions and specific technical issues, a Committee of the Whole is convened concurrently with the annual session of the Commission.