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GENERAL ASSEMBLY

GENERAL ASSEMBLY - Sixth Committee

The General Assembly is the largest and one of the six principal organs of the UN, together with the Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Secretariat, International Court of Justice and Trusteeship Council. This organ is the only one in which all members are represented equally – all UN members are members of the General Assembly, they all have the same amount of votes and none has the right of veto.

The GA meets annually from September until December, when all UN members (currently 193 countries) come to the UN Headquarters in New York and work with each other on making a resolution.

The GA consists of 6 main committees:

·       * The First Committee: Disarmament and International Security (DISEC)

·        * The Second Committee: Economic and Financial (ECOFIN)

·        * The Third Committee: Social, Cultural, and Humanitarian (SOCHUM)

·       * The Fourth Committee: Special Political and Decolonization (SPECPOL)

·        * The Fifth Committee: Administrative and Budgetary and general

The Sixth Committee: Legal.

The Sixth Committee has a universal membership, which means all members of the UN (UNGA) are also members of this committee. The role of this committee is promotion and development of international law. All negotiations related to general international law are usually held in the Sixth committee. Its work is done through initiating studies and making recommendations.

The Sixth Committee is led by a chairman assisted by three vice-chairmen and a rapporteur. The chairman must conduct the formal meetings, propose the program of work, and solve any procedural hurdles that may rise.

Following a formal discussion and the negotiation of any proposals, any recommendation adopted by the Sixth Committee is then submitted to the Plenary of the General Assembly for its final adoption. If a particular issue is of great technical complexity, the Sixth Committee may refer it to the International Law Commission or it may create a special subsidiary body to discuss it. The Sixth Committee follows a "mixed decision-making rule, where consensus is preferred but were a vote is still possible," that is, that while the Committee may take its decisions by voting, most resolutions are adopted though without a formal vote, by acclamationunanimity, or consensus.