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THE IMPACT OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ON GLOBAL SOCIETY
With the incredible speed of the technological evolution, from the 90s when people were warily gaining internet access to technological advances in this day and age, it makes sense why it is so hard to keep up with the new gadgets, despite how important they are in science, work, our personal lives etc. Technological evolution makes a special impact on jobs in IT, as they are constantly learning anew and adjusting themselves to new means of work. The most recent forecast for new discoveries in this realm (according to companies such as Microsoft, Google, Apple, Intel and NVidia) is Artificial intelligence (AI) technology.
AI refers to computers systems built to mimic human intelligence and perform tasks such as recognition of images, speech or patterns, and decision making and various other that were commonly considered to be done only by the human brain. AI can do these tasks faster and more accurately than humans. AIs have been introduced a while ago, examples being Siri, Alexa, Google Assistant and such programs, and one of the main reasons why it hasn’t been introduced more widely is potential job loss. Experts say automation will eliminate 73 million more jobs by 2030, which is terrifying for the general public, who can’t afford to get educated in this field, or simply don’t like it, not to mention how daunting it is for countries which are still behind when it comes to technology.
Rapid advancements in the field of robotics coupled with the rise of computing power during the latter half of the twentieth century has exponentially increased the breath of tasks that can be assigned to robots and systems based upon artificial intelligence, as well as the autonomy with which such technologies operate. While this can be beneficial for global development and societal change, for instance by contributing to the fulfilment of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, it also raises legal, ethical and societal concerns and challenges, some of which may be hazardous for human wellbeing, safety and security.
The evolution of AI is occurring in parallel with technical advances in other fields, such as genomics, epidemiology, and neuroscience. More or less, AI is rapidly transforming human lives, from reshaping our interactions, to monitoring human bodies, moods and emotions. These new forms of control raise urgent policy challenges for the international community.
Utilising knowledge and information of experts in the field to educate and inform stakeholders, and in particular policy-makers, UNICRI Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics believes it will be possible to progress discussion on robotics and artificial intelligence governance. Building consensus amongst concerned communities (national, regional, international, public and private) from theoretical and practical perspectives in a balanced and comprehensive manner is integral to its approach.
The potential consequences of AI are also something to pay attention to, the biggest one being the drop in employment. As Artificial intelligence is getting smarter and smarter every year and it is leading towards there being no need for certain repetitive jobs, while at the same time opening new job positions for people interested in making these systems and robots themselves. A reason for potential worry are also glitches. While it doesn't seem that important if your phone or laptop have a bug, think about a self driving car, or a plane. While that is a very small chance if an AI is coded properly what will happen if AIs in the future become more affordable?
AIs can very well be programmed destructively and serve as a weapon of mass destruction to countries who can afford them increasing the threat of a world on a global level.
On the other hand, there also exists a threat of AI surpassing humans in all cognitive tasks, which, while it could help humans eradicate war, poverty and disease as well as be one of the biggest steps in human history, could also potentially reach a level of self improvement that will leave human intellect in the dust.
AIs will have an immeasurable accuracy and speed as well as be unaffected by hostile environments dangerous to humans allowing them to complete tasks that we are unable to do. The knowledge and information they may be able to inquire in the future is immense and unreachable to humans by themselves.
Not to forget their availability, excluding charging, AI doesn't need breaks or food or water thus making it possible to continuously work for days, months and even years.
1) What would be potential consequences of rising impact in the sphere of technological inovations?
2) Are humans fully capable of having the products of AI under control even if they themselves designed them to be in the service of the human population?
3) How much do we really know about the capacity that future AI is planned to have?
4) How wide is the circle of control that governances have over the AI technologies and in which purpouses do they use it?
5) What is the practical impact of AI that is visible in the everyday life and how much did it change over the decades of the rising digitalization?